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Coins of India - Mughal coins

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Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/13/2011  3:24 pm Show Profile Bookmark this topic Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Message

Babur established Mughal line of rule in India in 1526 AD.He issued coins that are difficult to differentiate from those of Humayun, his son. Only the date is useful in that context.Coins until 936 AH were Babur issues and later ones Humayun's.Given below is a Babur copper coin weighing 9.3gms,issued in 935 AH.



Now compare that with this Humayun coin. This was issued in 938 AH and weighs 9.3gms.

Edited by drnsreedhar
07/13/2011 3:51 pm
Pillar of the Community
United Kingdom
1987 Posts
 Posted 07/13/2011  5:03 pm  Show Profile Check Bacchus2's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add Bacchus2 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Another excellent post ... Thanks for taking the time to annotate those images and give us all a good understanding of these coins.

Malcolm
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/14/2011  3:57 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Thanks Bacchus2 for your keen interest. I have a few more photos of similar coins. I shall be posting them serially as often as possible.
This coin also is of Humayun. This is from Agra mint,issued in 942 AH and weighs 9.3gms.




AKBAR
Akbar the Great ruled from 1556 AD to 1605. His conquests resulted in lots of mints around. He used to take a mint along with his expeditions to issue coins for those regions immediately. His unit coppers were called dams. 1/2dam was called Nisfi,1/4 called Damra and 1/8 known as Damri. Given below are two Nisfis issued from Narnul and Lahore.

Narnul issue--weighs 10gms


Lahore issue--weighs 10gms. This coin has some specialties. Akbar founded a calendar called "Ilahi". The year count started with his reign. Coins of those times have the month of issue written on them. This coin was issued in the month of "Di" in the Ilahi year 36, meaning in the month of Di of the 36th year of his rule.


Next time I shall be posting photos of some dam coins.
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/18/2011  4:06 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
DAM
Rupee was the basic unit.40 Dams made one rupee.Dams were minted from a lot of mints. One such coin from Jaunpur mint.




Image given below is of an issue from the mobile mint,"Urdu Zafar Qarin".This was issued in the year 1000 AH.




Another coin issued from Ahamadabad in 986 AH

Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/20/2011  1:48 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Now let me post a few more copper coins of Akbar.

This is a dam from the mint Allahbad.Mint name is written as "Alahabaz".Issued in year 31 of Ilahi.



This is a coin belonging to "Tanka" series from Gobindpur mint."Ilahi" is written in a different style.This is a half tanka and holds a legend,"Tanka Akbar Shahi". One Tanka weighs about 40gms and is equal to two dams.



Here is a coin from the "Tanki"series.This coin is four tankis (The legend "(Chau) tanki"meaning four tankis) and weighs 16.4gms.Mint name - Ahmadabad.This was minted in the month of "Farwardin" of Ilahi 4x.
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/21/2011  3:14 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply

Akbar conquered Kashmir about thirty years after his accession. His copper coins for that region followed the pattern of the Sultans of Kashmir.



Silver rupees of Akbar weighed around 11gms.(10.6-11.6gms). A few samples are posted below.
1.Jalla jalala type



2.Kalima enclosed in lozenge


3.Square type


4.Rebellion issue.Prince Salim rebelled against Akbar and issued coins from Allahbad.Such issues lasted only for about nine months until he compromised with his father.
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/25/2011  3:29 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Jahangir(1605-1627.AD)
Copper dam
1)



2)



Silver Rupees
1)


2)



3)



4)



5)



6).Rupee with Zodical sign Leo. Such coins were withdrawn and destroyed during Shah Jahan's reign. Possession of zodiacal coins is said to have been then punished with decapitation.

Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/26/2011  3:17 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Even when Jahangir was alive but bed ridden, Nur Jahan, his wife took the power of Emperor and issued coins in her name.




Shah Jahan came to power in the year 1627.AD. Better known as the builder of Taj Mahal, he built coins of artistic beauty. Diversity and elegance of design make his coins impressive.


Copper coins of Shah Jahan are scarce.




Square coins were issued as in the period of Akbar



Low denomination coins are mostly worn out if at all found.



Silver coins
1. 1/2 Rupee


2. Rupee Lahore mint




3. Rupee Surat Mint





4. Rupee Akbarabad mint



5. Rupee Multan mint



6. Rupee Patna mint



Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/27/2011  10:20 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Aurangazeb Alamgir (1658-1707.AD)
Copper coins



Copper dam-Elichpur mint



Copper dam- Hyderabad mint


Dam- Surat mint



Rupee-Kanbayat mint -- 1096.AH,28th regnal year



Rupee Akbarabad mint




Rupee Junagarh mint



Rupee with full name-Muhi ud din Aurangazeb Alamgir
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/29/2011  12:34 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Shah Alam-1 (1707-1712.AD)
Copper coins-1.Elichpur mint.AH.1121 is confirmatory for the ruler.


2.with legend, (Shah) Alam Bahadur




Rupee- Shahjahanabad mint (Dar ul khilafat)




Rupee- Akbarabad (Mushtaqir al mulk)



Rupee-Bareli mint


Rupee- Lukhnow mint
Pillar of the Community
Learn More...
9664 Posts
 Posted 07/29/2011  6:29 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add DVCollector to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Wow--what a collection of Mughal coins!
I consider posts like this one some of the best ever on this forum.
The coins are presented well, with a lot of explanation of the details of the coin and the ruler at the time.
I always enjoy learning something new, and hope you will continue posting coins.
Pillar of the Community
United States
4263 Posts
 Posted 07/29/2011  10:01 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add VisigothKing to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Wow, very cool and very interesting! Thanks for sharing
"For as long as Belisarius lives, it is impossible for him to relinquish this city." - Roman general Belisarius, responding to a group of Gothic envoys, during the Gothic siege of Rome in 537 AD

Attributed coins in my collection so far - Roman: 238, Byzantine: 34, Post-Roman Germanic: 21
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/30/2011  12:07 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
@ DVCollector:) thanks for your encouraging comments.I had no idea as to the reception of these posts.I have a few more images of coins of the Mughals, Delhi Sultans,Bahmanis, Gujarat sultans,Kashmir sultans and very few ones of Bengal sultans also that I have kept to post. I have a collection of Princely state coins and ancient coins of India mainly from the South but I haven't yet captured them on images. Due to paucity of time, that might take a year at least before I can finish with them. And since I am not that good with taking full advantage of computers you know what happens. I am extremely happy to know that these posts are helpful.As you have remarked in one of your previous posts in the topic "Introduce yourself", I am in the process of compiling literature on Indian numismatics. I have plans to publish these coins in a book on them in my regional language 'Malayalam' first and then in English as well. This is because Malayalam does not have a good book on Indian numismatics, esp. sultanate coins. Preliminary works are all finished. Thank you once more for sparing your time to post those encouraging comments.

@ JangoFett:) Thanks for the post.I shall be here with more to share and learn.
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/30/2011  3:41 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Jahandar shah (1712.AD)

This son of Shah Alam-1 did not involve in administration with full focus and that resulted in "Sayyid brothers" becoming powerful. He quarelled with Farukhsiyar, son of one of his brothers.Finally he was assassinated in about TEN MONTHS.
Coins - 1).


2).
Edited by drnsreedhar
07/31/2011 04:00 am
Pillar of the Community
India
738 Posts
 Posted 07/30/2011  4:47 pm  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add drnsreedhar to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Akbar lost his empire and would not ever have ruled but for his tutor,Bairam Khan. Hemu, the general of the Suris attacked Delhi when Akbar was away from the capital.He took the throne and crowned himself as "Vikramaditya".Akbar was hesitant to retaliate immediately, but Bairam Khan sternly argued otherwise. Finally the second war of Panipat was fought which went in favour of Akbar. Otherwise, Mughal rule would have been a different history.
Edited by drnsreedhar
07/31/2011 04:03 am
Pillar of the Community
Australia
8864 Posts
 Posted 07/31/2011  07:12 am  Show Profile Bookmark this reply Add sel_69l to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
I love those square rupees of Akbar, I just had to have one, and I eventually scored! I also have a square rupee of Shah Jahan Malwa

drnsreedhar: Indian coins are outside my comfort area culture wise, and I really do need to learn a lot more about Indian numismatics.

I am glad you are a member of the CCF for this reason.
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