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Portraits Of Power - The Faces Of Imperial Rome

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 Posted 02/27/2021  12:46 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Cornelia Salonina, Wife of Gallienus, died after 268


AR Antoninianus
Time of Husband's joint rule
SALONINA AVG, draped bust right on crescent
VENVS FELIX, Venus seated left, child at feet


AE Antoninianus, time of husband's sole reign
Antioch mint
SALONINA AVG, draped bust right on crescent
IVNO REGINA, Juno standing left, holding patera and scepter, peacock at feet, star above left


Silvered AE Antoninianus, time of Husband's sole reign
SALONINA AVG, draped bust right on crescent
FECVNDITAS AVG, (Salonina as?) Fecunditas standing left, holding cornucopiae, Child (Quintus Gallienus?) at feet, Δ right field
I have heard it argued that this may have been minted in commemoration of the imperial couple's youngest child, ostensibly named Quintus Julius Gallienus from a single surviving coin. This child evidently died in infancy.


Salonina was a woman of unknown but probably noble birth, and had been married to Gallienus for at least a decade when her husband and father in law became emperors. Almost nothing is known of her life or personality, but it is mentioned that she deeply disapproved of the elevation of her son Saloninus to Caesar and his removal to the care of a bodyguard in Gaul. She is not mentioned after the fall of her husband, although it is not clear whether she perished along with the males of that dynasty, or was allowed to retire to obscurity.
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Edited by Finn235
02/27/2021 12:46 am
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 Posted 02/27/2021  12:58 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Valerian II Caesar, d. 258

As Caesar

AR Antoninianus, Cologne
VALERIANVS CAES, Draped radiate bust right
IOVI CRESCENTI, infant Jupiter riding on goat right


AR Antoninianus, Viminacium
P LIC VALERIANVS CAES, Draped radiate bust right
IOVI CRESCENTI, infant Jupiter riding on goat right


BI Antoninianus, Antioch
P LIC COR VALERIANVS CAES, draped radiate bust right
VICTORIA PART, Victory presenting wreath to emperor (Valerian?) holding spear and globe


Posthumous


AR Antoninianus, Cologne
DIVO VALERIANO CAES, Radiate draped bust right
CONSECRATIO, Soul of Valerian II on flying eagle right

Valerian II was the eldest son of Gallienus and Salonina, and was elevated to the rank of Caesar sometime between late 253 and 256. He was sent to Sirmium in Illyria (present-day Serbia) to establish imperial presence there, and was entrusted to Ingenuus, the governor of those provinces. In 258 Valerian II was dead; no cause of death was given to his parents. Gallienus suspected foul play by Ingenuus, who was demoted and then rose in rebellion against Gallienus. Valerian II was probably in his later teenage years at the time of his death, and was deified by his father and grandfather.
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 Posted 02/27/2021  10:06 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Saloninus
Caesar, 258 - 260
Augustus, 260 (briefly)



AR Antoninianus, Cologne
SALON VALERIANVS CAES, Radiate draped bust right
PIETAS AVG, Priestly implements



AE Antoninianus, Rome
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS CAES, draped radiate bust right
PIETAS AVGG, Priestly implements



BI Antoninianus, Rome
LIC COR SAL VALERIANVS N CAES, Radiate draped bust right
PRINC IVVENT, Saloninus standing, holding spear and standard
Note the particularly mature portrait of Saloninus - this was likely minted very close to his death.

*Numismatic note 1 - Coins minted as Augustus exist, but are extremely rare, minted only at Cologne while under siege by Postumus. Approximately 60-75 are known.

*Numismatic note 2 - Coins of Saloninus muled with a Divus Valerian II exist, but Saloninus was not honored after his death.


Saloninus was the younger brother of Valerian II, and was raised to the rank of Caesar when the latter was killed in 258. Gallienus had to stabilize the Illyrian provinces following the revolt of Ingenuus, so Saloninus was sent to Gaul under the care of the Praetorian Prefect Silvanus, who was a trusted and loyal companion of Gallienus. In about July of 260, the Gallic troops under the command of Postumus routed a Germanic war band laden with booty. The Romans demanded to keep the loot for themselves as a bonus, but Saloninus (or Silvanus acting on his behalf) ordered the troops to turn over the spoils. The army mutinied, declared for Postumus, and laid seige to Saloninus at Cologne. In a desparate attempt to rally loyalty to the teenaged Caesar, Saloninus was proclaimed Augustus by his troops, but perished when Cologne fell to Postumus only days later. Saloninus was about 18 at the time.
My Collections:
Roman Imperial
http://goccf.com/t/348979
Japan Type set Tokugawa + Modern
http://goccf.com/t/348999
Indo Sassanian
http://goccf.com/t/322087
Edited by Finn235
02/27/2021 10:07 am
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 Posted 02/27/2021  10:54 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Bob L to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Worth the wait. Enjoyed the updates, Steve. Interesting to see how varied the Gallienus portraits are.
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 Posted 03/03/2021  5:43 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Palouche to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Really nice coins again Steve! And cool little write ups..
I am finding this thread very informative Thanks!
Good find on the Salonina with the child reverse..Very interesting!
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