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Post Your Coins With Stars

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 Posted 11/25/2021  06:10 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The gold Half Eagle ($5.00) for the Bicentennial of the US Congress also includes stars within its design - they are present on the coin's reverse.

The reverse of the half eagle incorporates the Gilded Eagle and Shield that is found atop the canopy that is over the chair of the President of the Senate (i.e., the US Vice President) in the Old Senate Chamber. The actual Shield includes 26 stars, one for each State of the Union at the time the Shield was created (circa 1838). Due to the perspective/viewing angle used for the coin, not all of the stars of the Shield are visible. When I inspect my example of the coin under magnification, I can discern 20 of the stars.

Vice President's Dais and Canopy from Southwest - US Capitol, Old Senate Chamber

(Image Credit: Library of Congress, Prints and Photographs Division, Public Domain.)

The coin's obverse is dominated by a depiction of the Dome of the US Capitol.

US Mint Sculptor-Engraver John Mercanti was responsible for the designs (and subsequent modeling) of both sides of the coin. His "JM" initials are seen below the Eagle and Shield on the reverse.

1989 Congress Bicentennial Gold Half Eagle




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 Posted 11/25/2021  07:01 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Here's another US commemorative coin from 1991 - the Korean War Memorial silver dollar. The coin was issued to mark the 38th anniversary of the 1953 Korean Armistice and to those who served in the Korean war. (The significance of the "38th" anniversary relates to the 38th degree of north latitude that roughly divides North Korea from South Korea - the "38th Parallel.")

The obverse design, by US Mint Sculptor-Engraver John Mercanti, depicts a soldier, gun at the ready, making his way up a hill as a pair of F-86 fighter jets fly overhead and a variety of US Navy ships, presented as silhouettes, fill the sea in the foreground. Mercanti's "JM" initials can be found at the rim near the 4:30 clock position.

The design also includes eight stars at the rim, between the noon and 3:00 o'clock positions. I have never read about any defined meaning or symbolism for the stars, but that has never stopped me from wondering. Of course, for many east Asian cultures, Korea included, the number "8" is considered a lucky number and one that is often associated with bringing luck and money. The driver behind the inclusion of the eight stars could be as simple as that, but I wonder...

Could the stars be meant as American-friendly parallels to the eight trigrams or palgwe, symbols of Korean values that have long been part of Korean culture? I can envision Mercanti wanting to bring these Korean symbols into his coin design but being hesitant of their acceptance by US coin collectors. So, he chose to use stars as proxies for the trigrams - and thus incorporated a "secret" nod to Korean culture.

The coin's reverse design was created by T. James Ferrell. The design presents a map of the Korean peninsula with a line representing the 38th parallel dividing north from south. An attentive bald eagle (symbolic of the US) is shown to the right of the map; it keeps a watchful eye on Korea . On the South Korea portion of the map is found a Taegeuck which is symbolic of peace and harmony. When shown in color, it is a combination of red (top segment) and blue; it can be found on the South Korean National Flag and multiple official government emblems.

1991 Korean War Memorial Silver Dollar


South Korea National Flag with Taegeuck




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 Posted Yesterday   07:13 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The 1991 US commemorative coin program to mark the 50th anniversary of the last carving/completion of Mount Rushmore in 1941 was a three-coin program that included a CuNi clad half dollar, a silver dollar and a gold half eagle. Each of the three coins includes stars in its design.

Mount Rushmore is located in Keystone, South Dakota (in the Black Hills region of SD). It was primarily carved under the direction of Gutzon Borglum (the same artist/sculptor who initiated the carving of the Stone Mountain Memorial in Georgia and who was the designer of the 1925 Stone Mountain Memorial half dollar.) Borglum died on March 6, 1941 - before Mount Rushmore was finished. The project was completed by his son Lincoln on October 31, 1941.

The Memorial includes carvings of US Presidents George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Theodore Roosevelt and Abraham Lincoln. Why these four? Check out the following article from the National Park Service for an answer: Why These Four Presidents?.

The obverse of the CuNi half dollar design depicts an upward-angled view of Mount Rushmore with stylized rays from the sun seen behind it. Artist-Sculptor Marcel Jovine was responsible for the design and modeling.

The central feature of the coin's reverse design is a left-facing American Bison with "GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY" in two lines above it. At the rim, encircling the entire design, are seen 50 stars, representing the 50 States that made up the Union in 1991 - the anniversary year. In 1941, when the Memorial was completed, the Union had 48 States - Alaska and Hawaii had not yet been added. The design (and modeling) is the work of US Mint Sculptor-Engraver T. James Ferrell.

1991 Mount Rushmore 50th Anniversary Half Dollar




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 Posted Yesterday   07:29 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The obverse design of the Mount Rushmore Silver Dollar is similar to that of the Half Dollar, an upward-angled view of the four Presidential heads that make up the Memorial - (from left to right) George Washington (1st), Thomas Jefferson (3rd), Theodore Roosevelt (26th) and Abraham Lincoln (16th). Also seen is an open laurel wreath that extends from the 9 o'clock to 3 o'clock positions (roughly) at the rim. Commemorative inscriptions "GOLDEN ANNIVERSARY" and "MOUNT RUSHMORE NATIONAL MEMORIAL" are also seen, presented below the mountainside carving.

The design was created by Marika Somogyi; it was modeled by US Mint Sculptor Engraver Chester Young Martin. The initials of both artists are found under the end of the right laurel branch.

The coin's reverse presents an outline map of the United States with a star at the geographic position of Mount Rushmore. Above the map is a glory with 13 stars, representative of the original 13 states. The design closely resembles the Great Seal of the United States. The design was created and modeled by former Chief Engraver of the US Mint, Frank Gasparro.

1991 Mount Rushmore 50th Anniversary Silver Dollar




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 Posted Yesterday   07:41 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The gold Half Eagle of the Mount Rushmore commemorative coin program offers a different view of the Memorial. Instead of it being the focus, the Memorial is a background element with a large American Bald Eagle in the foreground. In its talons are seen the tools of a stone carver - a mallet and chisel - symbolic of the manner in which the Memorial was carved from the mountainside. At the rim on the right can be found six stars. The design and modeling are the work of Sculptor-Engraver John Mercanti.

As is often the case, the meaning behind the stars is not included in the standard descriptions of the design, but as "six stars" seems an unusual number for a US coin, I had to do a bit of digging.

The mountain upon which Mount Rushmore is carved was referred to as Six Grandfathers Mountain by the Lakota people that once lived freely throughout the region. I believe the inclusion of the six stars was Mercanti's way of paying homage to the mountain's original name.

The coin's reverse design is all inscriptions with "Mount Rushmore National Memorial" presented at the center in a stylized, italics font over four lines. The design was created by Rhode Island artist Robert Lamb and modeled by William Charles Cousins of the US Mint. The lettering-only design marked the first time a side of a US coin did not include any graphic element in its design; the design was often criticized at the time of the coin's release for its simplicity and "lack of creativity."

I purchased my examples of the three coins via the three-piece Uncirculated set offered by the US Mint.

1991 Mount Rushmore 50th Anniversary Gold Half Eagle




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 Posted Yesterday   08:09 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Dorado to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
1907 Nigeria
British West Africa.
1 Penny- Edward VII

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 Posted Yesterday   12:01 pm  Show Profile   Check NumisRob's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add NumisRob to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Also posted in the 'coins featuring a map' topic - 1945 Brazil 1 Cruziero:

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 Posted Today  15H 21M ago  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The 1983 Los Angeles Olympiad Discus Thrower silver dollar issued to help financially support the 1984 Games held in and around Los Angeles, California, features one of the two silver dollar designs used for the Games' coin program. (A distinctly different design was used for the 1984 silver dollar.) The 1983 silver dollar includes the official emblem/logo of the LA Games as part of its obverse design - the source of the coin's stars.

1984 Los Angeles Olympic Games Logo + Olympic Rings (on Flap of Note Card)


The logo was a rendering of five overlapping stars (red, white and blue) with horizontal lines added to give a sense of motion; the lines split the stars into multiple horizontal slices/segments. The following description of the 1984 Los Angeles logo's symbology comes from the official web site of the Olympic Games (Los Angeles 1984 Brand):

The star is a universal symbol of the highest aspirations of mankind; the horizontal bars portray the speed with which the contestants pursue the excellence, while the repetition of the star shape connotes the spirit of competition between equally outstanding physical forms. The symbol colours— blue, white and red—were in part chosen for their traditional significance in the awarding of prizes for first, second and third place.

The coin's obverse design features a Greek discus thrower, the artistic style of which is intended to recall the ancient Olympic Games (776 BCE to 393 CE) held in Greece. The athlete has two shadows, which were meant to help mimic a live thrower's physical motion on the static coin. To the right of the discus thrower (viewer's perspective) is seen the LA Olympics logo (with stars) and the Olympic Rings.

The coin's reverse design is that of a stern-looking, left-facing American Bald Eagle. The eagle is enclosed within a ring; the inscription "UNITED STATES OF AMERICA - ONE DOLLAR" encircles the central design outside of the ring.

The coin's designs were created by US Mint Chief Engraver Elizabeth Jones. Mint Sculptor-Engraver John Mercanti assisted Jones with the coin's reverse design.

1983 Los Angeles Olympics Silver Dollar




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 Posted Today  15H 14M ago  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add commems to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
The 1990 Eisenhower Memorial commemorative silver dollar was struck "in commemoration of the 100th anniversary of the birth of Dwight David Eisenhower." (Public Law 100-467) The coin "hides" its stars in plain sight - a small, circular star cluster is found on Eisenhower's cap vs. having a prominent placement in the coin's fields.

The obverse design features the conjoined, but opposite-facing, portraits of "General" Eisenhower and "President" Eisenhower - the portraits represent two distinct periods of the leader's life. The design was created and modeled by US Mint Sculptor-Engraver John Mercanti.

The General Eisenhower portrait (left-facing, at the rear) presents "Ike" in a military cap with the insignia of his five-star rank. The right-facing, forward portrait presents Eisenhower as he appeared during his Presidency (January 20, 1953 - January 20, 1961).

For a brief, but solid discussion of the five-star rank, check out the following video from the MacArthuc Memorial:

XHX8UEcIZcU


Many collectors have negatively critiqued Frank Gasparro's portrait of Eisenhower on the dollar coins of 1971-78 -- I wonder if Mercanti's portrait (seen here) would have fared better?

The coin's reverse depicts Eisenhower's house on the 189-acre farm that he and his wife, Mamie, purchased in 1950. The farm is in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania, adjacent to the Gettysburg battlefield, and is now part of the Eisenhower National Historic Site. Artist-Sculptor Marcel Jovine created the design; US Mint Sculptor-Engraver Chester Young Martin handled the design's modeling. For more on the Historic Site, see Eisenhower Historic Site - National Park Service.


1990 Eisenhower Memorial Silver Dollar




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1959 Nigeria.
One Penny- Elizabeth II

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