Today you get my first non circulating commemorative coin, unlike the other commemoratives which some did circulate, this one was made by the Casa Da Moeda (House of Coin) for collectors only.
This coin commemorates the 850th anniversary of the founding of the Kingdom of Portugal in 1139 when Alfonso Henrique declared himself the Prince of Portugal.
Period: Third Republic (1974-date)
Type: Non-circulating coin
Value:250 Escudos (250 PTE)
Currency: Escudo (1911-2001)
Composition: Silver (.925)
Weight: 28 g
Diameter: 37 mm
Orientation: Coin alignment
References: KM# 650a
Mintage (Proof): 15,000
While Portugal has been populated since 400,000 BC and may have been the last place for Neanderthals, it became a separate country in 1139 (although it didn't acquire Algarve the southern region until 1249).
The history of Portugal is long, so I won't go into details, but I will cover Guimarães which was the first capital of Portugal.
Guimarães is a city located in northern Portugal, in the district of Braga. Its historic town centre is listed as UNESCO World Heritage
Site since 2001, in recognition for being an "exceptionally well-preserved and authentic example of the evolution of a medieval settlement into a modern town" in Europe.
The city has a population of 152.309 inhabitants according the most recent data of 2019 in an area of 240.95 square kilometres (93.03 sq mi).Guimarães, along with Maribor, Slovenia, was the European Capital of Culture in 2012.
The city was settled in the 9th century, at which time it was called Vimaranes. This denomination might have had its origin in the warrior Vímara Peres, who chose this area as the main government seat for the County of Portugal which he conquered for the Kingdom of Galicia. Guimarães has a significant historical importance due to the role it played in the foundation of Portugal. The city is often referred to as the "birthplace of Portugal" or "the cradle city" (Cidade Berço in Portuguese) because it is widely believed that Portugal's first King, Afonso Henriques, was born there, and also due to the fact that the Battle of São Mamede - which is considered the seminal event for the foundation of the Kingdom of Portugal - was fought in the vicinity of the city.
While I've been to Guimaraes my pictures are mostly of family.