Hi Everyone, Howare Ya? I'm good and I just got this very nice ancient Greek coin of the King Tryphon of the Seleucid Empire too this week. For more info about him: Diodotus (Greek: Δι#972;δοτος) was a king of the Hellenistic Seleucid Empire. Initially an official under King Alexander I Balas, he led a revolt against Alexander's successor Demetrius II Nicator in 144 BC. He rapidly gained control of most of Syria and the Levant. At first he acted as regent and tutor for Alexander's infant son Antiochus VI Dionysus, but after the death of his charge in 142/141 BC, Diodotus declared himself king. He took the royal name Tryphon Autocrator (Greek: Τρ#973;φων Α#8016;τοκρ#940;τωρ) and distanced himself from the Seleucid dynasty. For a period between 139 and 138, he was the sole ruler of the Seleucid empire. However, in 138 BC Demetrius II's brother Antiochus VII Sidetes invaded Syria and brought his rule to an end.
Diodotus Tryphon is unique in the history of the Seleucid empire, as the only rebel from outside the dynasty to gain control of the whole kingdom. Other rebels had claimed the throne, such as Molon and Timarchus, but they never succeeded in bringing the whole realm under their control and both were defeated within a year of declaring themselves kings. By contrast, Tryphon held power for over seven years from his rebellion in 144 BC until his death in 138 BC. Diodotus Tryphon ("the magnificent"): name of a king of the Seleucid Empire, ruled from 140 to 138.
Born in Casiane near Apamea
General of Demetrius I Soter, but defects to the usurper Alexander I Balas, who revolts in 152 and becomes king in 150; Diodotus ensures that Alexander can capture Antioch
145 or 144: Alexander is defeated and killed by Demetrius II Nicator, son of Demetrius I
Diodotus takes care of Alexander's two years old son Antiochus VI, and is able to continue the struggle against Demetrius, supported by the Hasmonaean leader Jonathan
143: Jonathan killed
142: Demetrius recognizes Simon as high priest in Jerusalem
In the confusion, the Parthian king Mithradates I the Great (r.165-132) conquers Media and Babylonia
141 or 140: Diodotus kills Antiochus VI and usurps the kingship; he calls himself Diodotus Tryphon; he is not recognized by Rome
139: Mithradates continues his conquests: he occupies Susa and Elam
July/August 138: Demetrius taken captive by the Parthians
After August 138: Demetrius' brother Antiochus VII Sidetes, supported by several parties, attacks Diodotus Tryphon, and besieges him at Dor
Tryphon escapes but commits suicide in Apamea. Info on the coin: Seleukid Kings, Tryphon (c. 142-138 BC). Æ (17mm, 4.73g, 1h). Uncertain mint in Northern Syria. Diademed head r. R/ Spiked Macedonian helmet adorned with wild goat horns; ΑΣΚ to inner l. SC 2039; HGC 9, 1061. Brown patina, Good Fine - near VF.