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Dutch Token Of Hendrik (Henry), Lord Of Bréderode 1566

 
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 Posted 07/11/2020  7:40 pm Show Profile   Bookmark this topic Add Archeo1982 to your friends list Get a Link to this Message
A Dutch token to commemorate the protest of Hendrik van Brederode, Lord of Vianen against the Spanish Inquisition.

Hendrik van Brederode, Lord of Brederode, Vianen, Schoorl, 't Oog, Bergen NH and Viscount of Utrecht, was the eldest son of Reinoud III van Brederode and Philippote van der Marck. In 1557 he married Amelia van Nieuwenaar-Alpen in Vianen. They remained childless.
He became a member of the Oath Covenant of Nobles in 1565 and on April 5, 1566 offered the first Supplication to Margaret of Parma. Van Brederode convened the meeting in Sint-Truiden (July 14, 1566) and belonged to the Compromis of Breda (1567).
He recruited troops in Antwerp, brought some of them by ship to Vianen, while his commander Bombergen captured 's-Hertogenbosch. Hendrik tried unsuccessfully to master Utrecht and Amsterdam, but the army that he brought together at Antwerp under Jan van Marnix was defeated on 13 March 1567 at the battle of Oosterweel by General Beauvoir while the support by the Antwerp Calvinists was personally given by Willem van Oranje was stopped.
Brederode was appointed captain general of Amsterdam in March of that year. Brederode was deposed by the Spanish general Philip of Noircarmes in April, together with his friend Lenaert Jansz de Graeff, who was his adjutant.
When the resistance collapsed after the fall of Valencijn, his troops left Vianen and went to Germany. After Hendrik van Brederode had tried unsuccessfully to regain favor with Margaret of Parma, he fled to Emden on April 27, 1567.
In June 1567 he visited William of Orange in his castle at Dillenburg. Disappointed with his refusal to join the armed rebellion, he removed him from his will.
On May 28, 1568 he was sentenced in absentia by the Council of Strokes, but he had already died in exile on February 15, 1568 at castle Horneburg near Recklinghausen.

The token:
Obverse: The arm of Mucius Scevola with sword in fire.
Legend: AGERE . AVT . PATI . FORTIORA . 1566 (
ACTION OR EXPERIENCE MUST BE ENDURED)

Mucius Scevola was a legendary Roman youth, who is said to have distinguished himself in the early history of Rome.
He entered the enemy army with the permission of the Roman Senate during the war with the Etruscan king Lars Porsenna, to liberate Rome by murdering that king (508 BC). After the last king, Tarquinius Superbus, was deposed, he returned with the help of Porsenna and his army to capture the city of Rome. After a quick end to the war was foiled by destroying the bridge over the Tiber and the deeds of Horace Cocles, the Etruscans besieged the city. The siege lasted so long that Rome's supplies ran out and Mucius' proposal was met with much support.
Arriving in the Etruscan army camp - under disguise - while it was just payment of wages, he stabbed the writer of Porsenna, whom he confused with the unknown king, who - at least in Mucius' eyes - wore more expensive clothes than the king himself.
In the uproar that followed he was arrested, brought before Porsenna and threatened with death, he is said to have held his left hand burning over a brazier there to make offerings, to show the angry King he didn't feared death, and had it consumed in the fire, without giving a sign of sorrow. He went on to tell the astonished king that 300 young men had committed themselves under oath to kill him, for which he had first been appointed by lot.
Porsenna was frightened by this, made peace with the Romans and withdrew with his army. Since then, Mucius carried the cogna Scaevola, meaning "the left-handed". He was also assigned a piece of land by the Senate, later named after him the Mucia prata ("Mucian Meadow")

Reverse: ETSI . MORTVVS : VRIT . / CALC . VIAN (ALTHOUGH DEATH HE BURNS)
Diameter: 30mm
Mass:4,2 gram

The pictures below:
- Daalder of Hendrik Van Bréderode
- Oil on canvas painting: Mucius Scevola in the presence of Lars Porsenna by Matthias Stomer, early 1640's





Edited by Archeo1982
07/11/2020 7:50 pm
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 Posted 07/11/2020  7:55 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Spence to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
@archeo, thx for helping me learn something today.
"If you climb a good tree, you get a push."
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 Posted 07/11/2020  7:56 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Bob L to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Enjoyed the write-up, Tim. Thanks for sharing!
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 Posted 07/11/2020  7:57 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Archeo1982 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
You're welcome :)
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 Posted 07/11/2020  8:07 pm  Show Profile   Check echizento's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add echizento to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Super coin, I really like these late medieval coins, they have a lot of detail. Very enjoyable write-up
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 Posted 07/11/2020  9:59 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Sir Derrin to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Very Cool - Nice write up enjoyed it!
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 Posted 07/12/2020  12:24 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add AnYangMan to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Fantastic @archeo1982! You are not getting rid of this piece by any chance? ;) I was the one bidding against you on Ebay by the way ;).

As someone born and raised in Vianen, its coinage holds a very special place in my heart. By modern standards it is not even close to being a big city (more like an overgrown town that just so happened to have city-rights). So it feels even more like collecting homesoil! A couple of examples from my personal collection:


Two of the 'regular' daalders you also showed; the second of which has a so-called 'Tinhaak' (tin hook, an instrument used to scrape off the floating, impure debris when melting silver to produce planchets) at 12 on the obverse. Only a handful of coins are known of this variety, all struck from the same obverse dies.


And two so-called 'Sint Henricusdaalders', after the saint with the same name as the lord of Brederode. This fits into a series of multiple of such imitations of the Karolusdaalders of Charles V, all struck by minor seignories with their own patron saints replacing the bust of the emperor.


And lastly, two jetons/rekenpenningen of the same type as you have showed. They were produced in both 1565 and 1566. In total, there are 3 obverse (the side with the date) and 4 reverse dies known. The 1565 I posted was the first pair of dies made. The reverse must have worn-out quickly, since 1565's with the next reverse die are way more common. This new reverse die was also used for the first batch of 1566, but was then quickly replaced again by a different reverse. That is the reverse we see on both your jeton as on my 1566; although this time paired to the next obverse die, also dated 1566. This is by far the more common obverse for 1566. Later, one more reverse was made. There are still several die-pairings I am looking for!



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 Posted 07/12/2020  2:17 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Archeo1982 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Now I understand why the bidding was so fierce
I realy like to collect the jetons and coins of historical persons that have had an impact on (local) history. And medieval coins from Groningen are always welcome :)


thanks for the additional explanation
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 Posted 07/12/2020  2:24 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Bob L to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Nice to see Mika posting again...been a while.
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