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Soghd AR "Hirkod" Type, Horse Reverse

 
 
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 Posted 09/10/2018  11:19 pm Show Profile   Bookmark this topic Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Message
Bought this one a few weeks ago in a CNG lot. I recognized the type in the photos; didn't expect a scarce reverse!

Central Asia, Southern Soghd (Uzbekistan)
C. 1st century BC - 1st century AD?
AR small unit (11mm 0.63g)
King Hirkod (Hircodes, Hyrkod etc)
Obv: Bust of king right, (YP)KωΔ behind (Hirkod)
Rev: Forepart of horse, uncertain Greek legend around



I can't find a whole lot, so I'm hoping Kushanshah can come save the day!

I was able to find eight examples on Zeno:
https://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=2712


Of the coins of southern Soghd, a number are of the Hirkod type, named for the Greek inscription on the obverse. These types however mostly have a standing soldier reverse, but a handful have the Forepart of a horse. As far as I can tell, Hirkod is not a ruler known to history. We can infer a few things:

- The artistry and language tells us that this coin predates the zenith of the Kushan empire, and possibly contemporary to the Bactrian Greeks.
- I believe that ω began to replace Ω around the turn of the 1st century BC
- The issuers of these coins bear a striking resemblance to the Yueh-chi or early Kushans, compare vs. "Heraios"


Welcoming any insights!

E: Never research when tired, people! Fixed some mistakes in the original post.
My Collections:
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http://goccf.com/t/348979
Japan Type set Tokugawa + Modern
http://goccf.com/t/348999
Indo Sassanian
http://goccf.com/t/322087
Edited by Finn235
09/11/2018 12:38 pm
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 Posted 09/11/2018  01:24 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Kushanshah to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
It's a known type, apparently less common than the archer.

Just to put a reference number with your coin, it's Mitchiner ACW 361. Mitchiner gives them the fanciful attribution 'Dahae of Choresmia, Kings of the Dahae following Artara, 130-1 BC'. He translates KωΔ as "the Dahaean" (!?). Mitchiner is very useful in terms of assigning a number to a coin for ease of reference but his attributions are sometimes bizarre and often just plain wrong.

Everyone else seems to go with "Hyrcodes" (Hirkod, etc), South or Southwestern Sogdiana (Bukhara), c. 1st to 4th century AD.

I googled "Hycodes horse protome coin" and found a few references to the type in passing. I would start with a similar search. Now that you have my curiosity, if I find anything more, I'll post.
Edited by Kushanshah
09/11/2018 01:43 am
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 Posted 09/11/2018  07:55 am  Show Profile   Check echizento's eBay Listings Bookmark this reply Add echizento to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Interesting and obscure type, glad we have KS here his help and knowledge is well appreciated.

I have copies of Mitchiner's 9 volume set Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian coinage but not his books. KS do you have the books?
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 Posted 09/11/2018  08:50 am  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Bob L to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Here's an old Mitchiner ACW 360 listing so it's not an exact match (not a 361), but close:
https://www.vcoins.com/fr/stores/ma...Default.aspx

Another Mitchiner ACW 360, from Harvard's collection...the reverse needs a 90 degree counter-clockwise turn:
https://www.harvardartmuseums.org/art/177791
Edited by Bob L
09/11/2018 09:47 am
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 Posted 09/11/2018  12:21 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Thanks all! I don't know how I missed the zeno page with a bunch of other examples - guess I was too tired to be doing research.

Thanks for the links Bob and KS!
My Collections:
Roman Imperial
http://goccf.com/t/348979
Japan Type set Tokugawa + Modern
http://goccf.com/t/348999
Indo Sassanian
http://goccf.com/t/322087
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 Posted 09/11/2018  12:27 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Kushanshah to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Both coins linked by Bob L are actually ACW 361. According to Mitchiner, #360 has an "Aramaic" (Sogdian) legend on reverse. #361 is Greek both sides.

@echizento I have ACW (Ancient and Classical World) and World of Islam but not Non-Islamc States and Western Colonies.
Edited by Kushanshah
09/11/2018 12:56 pm
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 Posted 09/24/2018  1:20 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Saw these two on eBay going (relatively) cheap, and won both with no competition.

1. Hirkod / Hyrcodes AR "drachm" (15mm, 2.68g)
Obv: Portrait right, YPKωΔ behind
Rev: Soldier/deity standing, wearing heavy coat, holding spear and hand on hips, flames on shoulders, badly garbled Greek legends





2. Same type, either a hemidrachm, or more likely a posthumous issue struck to a reduced weight standard.
15mm, 1.05g
Obv: Portrait right, no legend
Rev: Soldier/deity standing, wearing heavy coat, holding spear and hand on hips, flames on shoulders, badly garbled Greek legends

My Collections:
Roman Imperial
http://goccf.com/t/348979
Japan Type set Tokugawa + Modern
http://goccf.com/t/348999
Indo Sassanian
http://goccf.com/t/322087
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 Posted 09/24/2018  4:31 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Palouche to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Nice pick ups Steve!

Especially like the posthumous issue..Lovely detail..

Just out of curiosity whats the significance of the flames on shoulders?

Paul
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 Posted 09/24/2018  4:34 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Finn235 to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Thanks Paul.

From my cursory research, it has been suggested that the figure on the reverse may be Pharro, the Kushan/central Asian god of royal glory. He is often depicted with flaming shoulders. I have no idea what sort of significance that entails.
My Collections:
Roman Imperial
http://goccf.com/t/348979
Japan Type set Tokugawa + Modern
http://goccf.com/t/348999
Indo Sassanian
http://goccf.com/t/322087
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 Posted 09/24/2018  5:35 pm  Show Profile   Bookmark this reply Add Kushanshah to your friends list Get a Link to this Reply
Nice coins. I almost pulled the trigger on them myself :) In order to avoid doing actual work, I poked around a bit on Google searching for "shoulder flames". I came across a cylinder seal in the Boston MFA collection, dated to the 3rd millennium BC, said to depict a deity with shoulder flames (I think said deity is mostly out of the photo but perhaps shoulder flames are visible at upper left)
https://www.mfa.org/collections/obj...-seal-163734.
The earliest ruler to depict himself with shoulder flames may be the Kushan king Kanishka I. The shoulder flames seem to represent divine authority, similar to a halo or nimbus.

https://cNGCoins.com/Coin.aspx?CoinID=256504
Edited by Kushanshah
09/24/2018 5:45 pm
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