Bought this one a few weeks ago in a CNG lot. I recognized the type in the photos; didn't expect a scarce reverse!
Central Asia, Southern Soghd (Uzbekistan)
C. 1st century BC - 1st century AD?
AR small unit (11mm 0.63g)
King Hirkod (Hircodes, Hyrkod etc)
Obv: Bust of king right, (YP)KωΔ behind (Hirkod)
Rev: Forepart of horse, uncertain Greek legend around
I can't find a whole lot, so I'm hoping Kushanshah can come save the day!
I was able to find eight examples on Zeno:https://www.zeno.ru/showgallery.php?cat=2712
Of the coins of southern Soghd, a number are of the Hirkod type, named for the Greek inscription on the obverse. These types however mostly have a standing soldier reverse, but a handful have the Forepart of a horse. As far as I can tell, Hirkod is not a ruler known to history. We can infer a few things:
- The artistry and language tells us that this coin predates the zenith of the Kushan empire, and possibly contemporary to the Bactrian Greeks.
- I believe that ω began to replace Ω around the turn of the 1st century BC
- The issuers of these coins bear a striking resemblance to the Yueh-chi or early Kushans, compare vs. "Heraios"
Welcoming any insights!
E: Never research when tired, people! Fixed some mistakes in the original post.